Why Fredericton, New Brunswick Is Your Next Best Move

Fredericton, located in New Brunswick, Canada, is a historic and vibrant city with a rich cultural and educational heritage. As the capital of New Brunswick, it is situated along the Saint John River, which the Indigenous people know as Wolastoq. 

As per the 2021 census, it has a population of around 63,116 residents and a metropolitan population of 108,610. 

The city is a significant cultural and artistic hub, home to institutions like the University of New Brunswick, St. Thomas University, and the Beaverbrook Art Gallery. 

Fredericton hosts the annual Harvest Jazz & Blues Festival, which attracts regional and international musicians and showcases its lively arts scene.

With a strong literary tradition, Fredericton has been home to notable writers and poets like Jonathan Odell, Julia Catherine Hart, Sir Charles Roberts, Bliss Carman, and Francis Sherman. 

The city's cultural landscape also includes the Playhouse, a venue for Theatre New Brunswick, offering a year-round program of drama and musicals. 

Fredericton's economy is diverse, focusing on the public sector, IT, and commercial industries. The city boasts the highest percentage of residents with post-secondary education in the province and the highest per capita income in New Brunswick.

Historically, Fredericton was established in 1785 by loyalists and named after Prince Frederick, son of King George III. Over the years, it evolved into an administrative, educational, and commercial center. 

The city's landmarks include the Anglican Christ Church Cathedral, the Provincial Legislative Building, which houses bird paintings by John James Audubon, and the Beaverbrook Art Gallery, which has collections spanning the 18th to 20th centuries. 

Fredericton's picturesque setting along the Saint John River, cultural offerings, and educational institutions make it a dynamic and engaging city in New Brunswick, Canada.


History of Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada


The history of Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada, is deeply rooted in its diverse cultural heritage and strategic significance. 

The Mi'kmaq and Maliseet peoples first inhabited the area. European settlement began in the late 1600s, and the French constructed Fort Nashwaak. 

1783 United Empire Loyalists settled in the area, renaming it Frederick's Town and later Fredericton in 1785. The city became the capital of the new colony of New Brunswick. 

The city's development was rapid, transitioning from a sparsely inhabited region to a thriving colonial capital within a few years.


Fredericton's historical journey continued with the establishment of King's College (now the University of New Brunswick) in 1785 and the construction of critical landmarks like Christ Church Cathedral and the New Brunswick Legislative Building in the 19th century. 

The city's industrial sector, including the lumber industry, played a significant role in its economy during the 19th century, but over time, the focus shifted towards education and government services.

As a provincial capital, Fredericton has maintained its importance as an administrative and educational center. It is home to institutions like the University of New Brunswick St. Thomas University and cultural attractions like the Beaverbrook Art Gallery and The Playhouse. 

The city's rich literary tradition, with notable writers and poets like Jonathan Odell and Bliss Carman, further adds to its cultural significance. 

Today, Fredericton is a vibrant city with a strong emphasis on education, the public sector, and a growing IT and commercial sector, reflecting its dynamic evolution over the centuries.

Geography of Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada

Fredericton, the capital city of New Brunswick, Canada, is located in the west-central part of the province along the Saint John River, known as Wolastoq by the Indigenous people, which flows west to east through the city. 

Situated 84 miles (135 km) from the river's mouth, Fredericton was established in 1785 and named after Frederick, the son of King George III. 

The city's strategic location below the head of tide on the Saint John River has played a significant role in its development and historical significance.

The city's urban landscape is characterized by a mix of historically significant buildings, including City Hall, the Legislative Assembly, Wilmot United Church, York County Gaol, the Justice Building, the Soldiers' Barracks and Officers' Quarters, Christ Church Cathedral, and Old Government House, reflecting its rich heritage and architectural diversity. 

As per the 2016 census, Fredericton's population is 58,220, with a diverse ethnic composition that includes people of Canadian, English, and Scottish origins and visible minorities like Chinese, Black, South Asian, and Arab communities.

Fredericton's geography is defined by its position along the Saint John River, historical landmarks, and its role as an administrative, educational, and cultural center in New Brunswick. 

The city's natural and built environment and vibrant arts and educational institutions contribute to its unique charm and significance within the province.

Demographics of Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada

The demographics of Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada, reflect a diverse and multicultural population. According to the 2021 Canadian census, Fredericton had a population of 63,116 living in 28,478 of its 29,892 total private dwellings, with a population density of 471.3/km². 

The city's ethnic composition in 2021 was reported as 82.5% white/European, 3.5% Indigenous, and 14.0% visible minorities, with the largest visible minority groups being Black (2.9%), South Asian (2.9%), Arab (2.5%), Chinese (1.8%), and Filipino (1.0%). 

Fredericton accepted the highest number of refugees from the Syrian Civil War per capita of any Canadian city. 

In terms of immigration, the 2021 census indicated that immigrants (individuals born outside Canada) comprised 12.6% of the total population of Fredericton, with the top countries of origin being the United Kingdom, China, the United States of America, Syria, the Philippines, India, Egypt, Iran, Lebanon, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. 

The city's age distribution in 2021 showed that 14.4% of the population was 0- 14, 65.7% were aged 15-64, and 19.9% were 65 years and over, with an average age of 41.7 and a median age of 40.0.

Furthermore, the 2021 census reported that most of the population in Fredericton had English as their mother tongue, with French, Indigenous languages, and other languages also represented. 

The city's demographics highlight its multiculturalism, with a mix of ethnicities, languages, and age groups contributing to the vibrant and diverse fabric of Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada.

Economy of Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada

Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada's economy is characterized by diverse industries contributing to its stability and growth. 

The city's economic landscape includes technology, education, engineering, construction, agriculture, healthcare, finance, administration, skilled trades, retail, and government services. 

Fredericton's focus on digital infrastructure and the knowledge economy has positioned it as one of the world's Smart 7 Communities. It attracts skilled newcomers and immigrants with ample employment opportunities and a stable job market.

Moreover, the city's economy is not solely reliant on the public sector. It also features a growing IT and commercial sector, with the highest percentage of residents holding post-secondary education in the province and the highest per capita income in New Brunswick. 

Fredericton's economic strength is further bolstered by its vibrant business environment, which includes approximately 6,752 businesses operating in various industries, such as retail, professional, healthcare, and technical services. 

The region's manageable commute times and convenient access to the city center foster community and collaboration among residents and workers, contributing to a thriving economic ecosystem.

Fredericton's economy benefits from its diverse industry base, focus on digital innovation, affordable cost of living, and a strong sense of community. 

This makes it an attractive destination for newcomers, entrepreneurs, and businesses seeking a balanced lifestyle and promising future in the heart of New Brunswick, Canada.

Education in Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada

Fredericton, the capital city of New Brunswick, Canada, is a prominent educational hub in the province. The city is home to several renowned post-secondary institutions that contribute to its vibrant academic landscape:


  • The University of New Brunswick (UNB) is the oldest English-language university in Canada, with its main campus in Fredericton. UNB offers a wide range of undergraduate and graduate programs, including the Faculty of Education, which provides specialized areas of study.
  • St. Thomas University is a small liberal arts university in Fredericton, offering programs in education, social work, and other disciplines.


Primary and Secondary Education

  • The Anglophone West School District and the District Scolaire Francophone Sud (District 1) operate public schools in Fredericton, including Fredericton High School and École des Bâtisseurs.
  • There is also a public-private partnership high school, Leo Hayes High School, in the city.

Fredericton's solid educational infrastructure, with its universities, colleges, and primary/secondary schools, contributes to its reputation as a learning and research center in New Brunswick, Canada.

Transport System in Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada

The transport system in Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada, is characterized by the following key features:

Fredericton Transit:

  • Fredericton Transit is the city's public bus service, operating 12 routes with 28 buses.
  • The bus service runs Monday to Saturday, with hourly frequency on most routes and more frequent service during peak hours.
  • Fredericton Transit includes a Dial-A-Bus service for people with disabilities.
  • The city is working to improve the transit system, including adding CCTV, automated passenger counting, and making bus stops more accessible.

Other Transportation Options:

  • Fredericton, Moncton, and Saint John are the only cities in New Brunswick with comprehensive urban transit systems.
  • The city is well-connected by a network of highways, including the Trans-Canada Highway and other major routes.
  • Fredericton has an airport with scheduled service and access to rail and ferry services in the province.
  • Taxis and car rentals are available in Fredericton and other prominent New Brunswick cities.

Challenges and Improvements:

  • The Fredericton transit system has been described as confusing, with unclear bus route names and a lack of announcements at stops.
  • The city addresses these issues by offering public tutorials on the transit system, especially for newcomers and those unfamiliar.
  • Fredericton is working to make its transit more user-friendly and accessible, with recent investments in infrastructure and technology upgrades.

While not as extensive as larger urban centers, Fredericton's transport system provides residents and visitors with a range of options, including a public bus service, highways, air travel, and other modes of transportation to navigate the city and the province of New Brunswick.

Living in Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada

Living in Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada, offers a unique blend of small-town charm and urban amenities. The city is known for its colonial architecture, rich cultural heritage, and natural beauty, with the Saint John River running through its heart. Here are some aspects to consider when deciding if Fredericton is the right place for you:


  1. Affordability: Fredericton's cost of living is lower than that of major urban centers in Canada, making it an attractive option for those looking to balance lifestyle with budget.
  2. Job Market: The city has a growing IT and commercial sector, with many residents holding post-secondary education, contributing to a strong job market.
  3. Cultural and Artistic Hub: Fredericton has several cultural institutions, including the Beaverbrook Art Gallery, the Fredericton Region Museum, and The Playhouse, offering a vibrant arts scene.
  4. Outdoor Activities: The city has easy access to trails for snowmobiling, ATVing, hiking, and more, as well as lakes, rivers, waterfalls, and other water systems for outdoor enthusiasts.
  5. Community: Fredericton is known for its warm and welcoming community, which has a strong sense of belonging among residents.


  1. Limited Nightlife: Compared to larger cities, Fredericton's nightlife is relatively quiet, which may not appeal to those seeking a more vibrant social scene.
  2. Limited Public Transportation: While there is a public bus service, it may not be as extensive as in larger cities, requiring residents to rely on personal vehicles or alternative transportation methods.
  3. Weather: Fredericton experiences a humid continental climate with cold winters and warm summers, which may not suit everyone's preferences.

Whether Fredericton is the right place for you depends on your preferences and priorities. Fredericton might be an excellent choice if you value a slower pace of life, a strong job market, and a rich cultural scene.

However, if you are looking for a more urban environment with a broader range of entertainment options, consider other cities in Canada.

Healthcare in Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada

Healthcare in Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada, is supported by a network of facilities and services that cater to the community's diverse needs. Here's an overview of the healthcare infrastructure in Fredericton:

Primary Health Care Network

The Fredericton Primary Health Care Network is a virtual facility that houses professional staff from various locations across the Greater Fredericton Area. 

This network employs various healthcare professionals, including social workers, nurse practitioners, dietitians, and respiratory therapists, who provide clinical sexual health services, COPD screening, and outreach services like diabetic and healthy aging clinics.

Community Health Centres

The Fredericton Region has several community health centres, including the Boiestown Health Centre, Central Miramichi Community Health Centre, Centre de santé Noreen-Richard Health Centre, and Chipman Health Centre. These centres offer various services, including primary health care, health education, and community outreach programs.

Hospital Services

Horizon's Dr. Everett Chalmers Regional Hospital and Oromocto Public Hospital serve the Fredericton area. These hospitals offer specialized services, including emergency care, surgical care, and diagnostic imaging.

Student Health Services

The UNB Student Health Centre is a dedicated facility that provides quality primary health care to full-time UNB and STU students in Fredericton. The centre offers various services, including medical consultations, health education, and wellness programs. Due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, the centre requires all individuals entering to wear a medical-grade mask.

Accessing Healthcare

Residents of Fredericton can access healthcare services through various means, including the Fredericton Primary Health Care Network, community health centres, and hospitals. NB Health Link offers a temporary healthcare provider registration service for those without a doctor or nurse practitioner.

Healthcare in Fredericton is characterized by a network of facilities and services that cater to the community's diverse needs. From primary health care to specialized services, residents can access various healthcare options that support their overall well-being.

Tourist places in Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada

Some of the top tourist places in Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada, include:

  • Officers' Square Provincial Heritage Place
  • Odell Park.
  • Fredericton Botanic Garden
  • Wilmot Park
  • Bill Thorpe Walking Bridge
  • Fredericton Region Museum
  • Hyla Park Nature Preserve
  • School Days Museum

These attractions offer a mix of historical, natural, and cultural experiences, making Fredericton a delightful destination for tourists seeking a blend of heritage, outdoor activities, and relaxation.

Local foods in Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada

Some of the local foods and dishes that are iconic or popular in Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada, include:

  • Fiddleheads - The unfurled fern fronds are a local delicacy foraged in the spring and featured on seasonal restaurant menus.
  • Seafood - Fredericton and the surrounding region offer fresh seafood options, including fish and chips, deep-fried clams, lobster, oysters, and more.
  • Chicken Fricot - A traditional Acadian chicken stew dish.
  • Poutine Râpée - A boiled potato dumpling dish with a pork filling, considered an Acadian specialty.
  • Dulse is a type of edible seaweed harvested and consumed in the region.
  • Blueberries - Wild blueberries are a common ingredient in various foods and drinks across New Brunswick.
  • Craft Beer - Fredericton is known as the epicentre of the craft beer movement in New Brunswick, with many local breweries like Picaroons.
  • New Brunswick Wines and Spirits—The province has a growing wine industry and local distilleries that produce gin, whisky, and other spirits.

These local foods and beverages highlight the diverse culinary heritage and offerings available in Fredericton and the wider New Brunswick region.


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